The game of blackjack is originated from French casinos in around 1700 where it was called as “vingt-et-un” (“twenty-and-one”). The origin of this game in US can be traced since 1800.
The name Blackjack is given to this game because if the player got a Jack of Spades and an Ace of Spades as the first two cards (Spade being the color black of course), the player was additionally remunerated.
The explanation goes like this, if a particular player have a Jack of Spades and an Ace of Spades as the first two cards, then the player is paid out extra money. So as the Spades is black and the Jack is a important most card this coins the name BlackJack!!
Gambling and casino was made illegal in west from 1850 to 1910. In this period Nevada made it a crime to operate a gambling game, but in early 1931, through a re-legalization, Nevada allowed casino gambling. Now Blackjack became on of the primary games of chance offered t gamblers. In 1978 casino gambling was made legal in Atlantic City of New Jersey.
Roger Baldwin published a paper in the Journal of American Statistical Association titled “The Optimum Strategy in BlackJack”, this is the first recognized effort to apply mathematics in Blackjack in 1956. This paper became very popular.
Much further work has been done in this area. Professor Edward O. Thorp in 1962 basic strategy and developed the first card counting techniques. He published his results in a book that became so popular that for a week in 1963 it was on the New York Times best-seller list “Beat the Dealer”.
As this book became much popular the casinos reacted promptly, they quickly changed the rules of the game which gave them even a greater advantage then they have ever enjoyed. This situation was unpredictable and was unwanted to the gamblers, they refused to play the game with the biased rules. The casinos responded by getting back to the old set of rules.
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